The duration of operating hours and the hours of opening and closing are similar in different markets worldwide. However, a global investor in India must be aware of global markets’ opening and closing times.
Most world markets’ opening and closing times vary across geographies, but almost a dozen stock exchanges clash during a typical 24-hour period.
Traders need to know the timings of international markets if they are going to trade there. We will see when the American stock market opens and closes, as we would in India.
American Markets’ Opening and Closing Times in India
The American continent is home to several stock exchanges. Two of the largest stock exchanges in the world are located in the United States. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq are the two stock exchanges.
The NYSE was established in 1792 and is the oldest and largest exchange in the world. As the second largest exchange, Nasdaq has been around for only a few years since 1971.
The NYSE is an exchange for well-established companies and more stable stocks, while the Nasdaq is an exchange for high-tech stocks that are more growth-oriented and potentially more volatile. (You can invest in US stock markets via Stockal, you can also keep track of the American stock market from an Indian investor’s perspective)
One more from this region can be found in Canada, such as the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX). In Mexico, there is the Mexican Stock Exchange known as BMV, which was founded in 1933. In South America, B3 Bolsa (Brazil Stock Exchange), formerly known as BM&FBOVESPA, was founded in 1890. It is among the top 20 stock exchanges in the world.
We will look at what are the American stock market opening times in India (as per IST) for different stock exchanges.
U.S. major exchanges’ timing and trading hours
Before we look into the American market opening time in India, a trader in India needs to understand the difference between EST (Eastern Standard Time Zone) and EDT (Eastern Daylight Time). Let’s have an overview of the time zones before looking into each major exchange’s specific opening and closing times.
An Overview of the EST and EDT Time Zones
The NYSE and NASDAQ, two of the largest stock markets in the United States, determine their trading hours in the Eastern Time Zone (ET). In this particular time zone, two variables are commonly used:
- Eastern Standard Time (EST) is typically observed in the United States during the winter and autumn. GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) is 5 hours ahead of EST, and IST is 10.5 hours ahead of EST. There are numerous options for early trading, but the NASDAQ and NYSE only open for business on weekdays at 9:30 a.m., and trading is not permitted on weekends.
- Eastern Daylight Time is observed during the summer and early spring. Due to being 4 hours behind GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), or UTC–4, EDT is 9.5 hours behind IST.
The American market’s opening time is based on the Eastern Time Zone (ET). This time zone has two sets of variables throughout the year. There is daylight saving time which is observed from the second Sunday of March till the first Sunday of November. Thus, the day lasts longer and the timing is moved an hour later. This variable of ET is called Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). The second variable of ET is called Eastern Standard Time (EST) and it is followed for the rest of the year.
Consequently, the U.S. stock market timings will also change as per the IST. When the U.S. follows EDT, the U.S. market opening time shifts from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m. and the U.S. market closing time changes from 1:30 a.m. to 2:30 a.m.
The following table displays the shift in NYSE open time in India and Nasdaq index open time in India as per IST.
|U.S. Stock Exchange||Without Daylight Saving (EST to IST)||
With Daylight Saving (EDT to IST)
|Opening Time||Closing Time||Opening Time||Closing Time|
|NYSE||7: 00 PM||1:30 AM||8: 00 PM||2:30 AM|
|NASDAQ||7: 00 PM||1:30 AM||8: 00 PM||2:30 AM|
American market opening time in India occurs during regular and pre-market hours and after-market hours. Both the NYSE open time in India and the Nasdaq index open time in India have the same operating hours. According to India’s American stock market opening time, there are three different sessions.
|Trading Timings||NASDAQ (in IST)||NYSE (in IST)|
|Pre-market hours||1:30 PM to 7:00 PM||1:30 PM to 7 PM|
|Normal hours||7 PM to 1:30 AM||7 PM to 1:30 AM|
|After market hours||1:30 AM to 5:30 AM||1:30 AM to 5:30 AM|
Other major U.S. exchanges trade timings in Indian timezones
In this section of the article, we will cover all the major US stock exchanges and the US market trading hours according to the American stock market opening time in India.
|Name||State||Open (in IST)||Close (in IST)|
|NYSE||New York||7:00 PM||1:30 AM|
|NASDAQ||New York||7:00 PM||1:30 AM|
|The Chicago Stock Exchange||Illinois||7:00 PM||1:30 AM|
|The Miami Stock Exchange||Florida||7:00 PM||1:30 AM|
Exchange holidays in the U.S.
Stock markets in the United States are open Monday through Friday and closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Exchanges are closed on U.S. holidays such as Independence Day, Memorial Day, Labor Day, and Thanksgiving Day. A stock exchange’s official website will inform you of their closed days.
There are particular holidays each year that trading is closed due to significant public holidays in the U.S. They are listed below for the year 2022:
|Exchange Holiday||Date||Trading Time|
|New Years Day||January 1||NA|
|Martin Luther King Jr. Day||January 17||NA|
|George Washington’s Birthday||February 21||NA|
|Good Friday||April 15||NA|
|Memorial Day||May 30||NA|
|Independence Day||July 4||NA|
|Labor Day||September 5||NA|
|Thanksgiving Day||November 24||9:00 AM – 1:00 PM|
|Christmas Eve||December 24||9:00 AM – 1:00 PM|
|Christmas Day||December 26||NA|
An Overview of Stock Market Timings in South America
Furthermore, two major stock exchanges in South America are interested in analyzing the American share market open time. Brasil Bolsa Balco S.A. (B3) and the Buenos Aires Stock Exchange (BCBA).
These stock markets run nearly simultaneously; however, they do so in their time zone. The table below captures the location and the respective trading hours of all of these South American share market opening times in India:
Other American share market opening time in India in IST.
|Stock Exchange||Country||Opening time (in IST)||Closing time (in IST)|
|TSX||Canada||8:00 PM||2:30 AM|
|B3||Brazil||6.30 PM||1:30 AM|
|BMV||Mexico||7: 00 PM||1: 30 AM|
|(BCBA)||Argentina||6:30 PM||12:30 AM|
European Stock Markets’ timings according to Indian time zone (IST)
Moving towards the east, we come across the European stock exchanges. This region is said to be the birthplace of stock exchanges. The Dutch East India Company’s vital place of business was the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, founded in 1602. However, today, the major stock exchanges in this region are in London, Paris, Germany, and Spain.
The following table lists the UK stock market’s opening and closing times along with other prominent stock exchanges from the European region.
|Exchange||Country||Opening Time in IST||Closing time in IST|
|Deutsche Boerse||Germany||12:30 PM||2:30 AM|
|Euronext N.V||European Union||12:30 PM||9 PM|
|Swiss Exchange (SIS)||Switzerland||1:30 PM||10 PM|
|Spanish Exchange (BME)||Spain||1:30 PM||10 PM|
|London Stock Exchange (LSE)||UK & Italy||1:30 PM||10 PM|
Asia Pacific Region Stock Markets timings according to Indian time zone (IST)
Apart from India’s BSE and NSE, in the Asia-Pacific region, we have multiple key stock exchanges. Five of the top ten stock exchanges in the world are located in this region.
China’s Shanghai Stock Exchange, Hong Kong and Japanese stock exchanges are the significant ones that influence investor sentiments in this region.
The China stock market’s opening time in India and other Asian stock exchanges is displayed in the table below.
|Exchange||Country||Opening Time in IST||Closing time in IST|
|Japan Exchange Group (JPX)||Japan||5:30 AM||11:30 AM|
|The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX)||Australia||5:30 AM||11:30 AM|
|Korea Exchange (KRX)||South Korea||5:30 AM||11:30 AM|
|The Taiwan Stock Exchange (TWSE)||Taiwan||6:30 AM||11: 00 AM|
|The Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEX)||Hong Kong||6:45 AM||1:30 PM|
|The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE)||China||7: 00 AM||12:30 PM|
|Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE)||China||7: 00 AM||12:30 PM|
To sum it up,
That was an exhaustive list of key stock exchanges worldwide and their timings as per the IST, especially the American share market open time. With this particular look at the world’s biggest stock exchanges, knowing the timings of stock exchanges in different countries is a primary requirement for a global investor. .
Suppose you are an investor from India investing in the American stock markets. In that case, we hope that reading this blog has helped you by providing the time the U.S. market opens as per IST and the timings of other world markets.
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