There are various global stock exchanges where traders and stockbrokers purchase and sell a broad range of assets. These are generally listed company derivatives, shares, bonds, and various amounts of equity. All stock exchanges also serve as venues for publicly traded corporations to generate capital. In 1602 the Netherlands established the first ‘official’ stock market. It was founded under the aegis of the enormous Dutch East India Company in Amsterdam, then one of the world’s most important commercial centres.
Modern stock exchanges are more than simply a gathering spot for sellers and buyers. The US Stock Exchange, or an equivalent institution in any other nation, verifies that country’s economic status. They operate as separate entities, and there is a well-defined US Stock Market time. When market circumstances are favourable, stock prices rise at a consistent pace. Stock exchanges will suffer under economic crises such as depressions and recessions. Several market crashes have occurred in the United States and similar economies.
What Are Stock Exchange Hours?
Stock markets throughout the globe open at various times for stock trading. Because of work politics and culture differences, UK stock market hours will vary from those in Japan or Hong Kong. Some stock markets, primarily those in Asia, also shut for lunch, although those in Europe and the Americas do not.
Stock market hours differ from those of other financial markets. For example, the currency market is often open 24 hours on weekends and Sunday evenings in the US, from Sunday evening through Friday night. London (for Europe), Tokyo (for Asia) and New York are the principal trading sessions. Because these trading hours overlap, users may initiate and exit positions in the forex market at anytime.
US Stock Market Timings Per Indian Time
Stock market trading hours in the United States may be divided into regular trading hours, pre-market trading hours and after-hours trading. Each section operates on a separate trading schedule and has different aims. Extended-hours trading includes both after-hours and pre-market trading. US stock market timings in India are as follows:
Stock Exchange: NASDAQ & NYSE
- Opening Session
- IST: 1.30 PM-7.00 PM
- EST: 4:00 AM-9:30 AM
- Pre-Opening Hours
- IST: 1.00 PM-1.30 PM
- EST: 3:30 AM-4:00 AM
- Closing Auction Freeze Period
- IST: 1.29 AM-1.30 AM
- EST: 3:59 PM-4:00 PM
- Core Trading Hours
- IST: 7.00 PM-1.30 AM
- EST: 9.30 AM-4.00 PM
- Extended Hours
- IST: 1.30 AM-5.30 AM
- EST: 4:00 PM-8:00 PM
Market Holidays For 2023 And 2024
The following are the stock market holidays in the United States:
|New Years Day||Monday, January 2||Monday, January 1|
|Martin Luther King, Jr. Day||Monday, January 16||Monday, January 15|
|Washington’s Birthday||Monday, February 20||Monday, February 19|
|Good Friday||Friday, April 7||Friday, March 29|
|Memorial Day||Monday, May 29||Monday, May 27|
|Juneteenth National Independence Day||Monday, June 19||Wednesday, June 19|
|Independence Day||Tuesday, July 4||Thursday, July 4|
|Labor Day||Monday, September 4||Monday, September 2|
|Thanksgiving Day||Thursday, November 23||Thursday, November 28|
|Christmas Day||Monday, December 25||Wednesday, December 25|
Things To Know About US Stock Market Timings In India
Following are the key things to know about US stock market timings in India:
- Liquidity Limitations: One of the benefits of being an institutional investor used to be the ability to trade before and after regular business hours. Before the transition to automated trading, individual investors did not have access to the markets; now, this is no longer the case. Now that retail investors may trade in these marketplaces after hours, the question is whether or not doing so is prudent.
Before trading outside regular business hours, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) would want you to know a few critical points. These markets are, first and foremost, less liquid than others. Because there are far fewer people trading, it is possible that you may be unable to sell your shares. If a company’s earnings report is worse than expected and you want to sell your shares quickly, you could find that you cannot do so – this is especially true with non-blue-chip companies and smaller companies.
- Why Would You Need To Trade During Non-Market Hours: Even inexperienced stock traders know that the stock market follows a predictable sequence of events. The market is open from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday (excluding holidays), except when it is closed. Just in the United States, the stock markets trade billions of stock daily, making them very liquid and efficient. Many new traders may be unaware that the stock market is open before and beyond regular trading hours.
During pre-market trading, which takes place from 4 a.m. until 9:30 a.m., investors may trade equities. During post-market trading, which takes place from 4 p.m. in the afternoon until 8 p.m. in the evening, investors can trade stocks. Compared to the billions of shares exchanged during the normal trading day, the volume of shares moved during after-hours sessions is a negligible portion of that total, adding to the worries traders have before engaging in trading outside the normal trading day. Is it possible to make money trading before or after the opening bell? It is possible, but first, you will need to analyse.
- Higher Volatility: A further factor that should be considered during after-hours trading is the bid-ask spread. The fact that the two prices are so far off may indicate that the few different traders involved have not been able to agree on an appropriate price. Consequently, you can be required to agree to pay an amount that does not correspond to the product’s true market worth.
Lastly, prices can be volatile outside regular trading hours since experienced traders tend to dominate these sessions, and volume is often lower. Because of this, it could be more challenging to decide when the best time is to buy or sell. The price of a company’s shares might be significantly impacted by an important transaction carried out by a huge organisation.
After-hours trading may help traders look to profit on anticipated news, or it may give a way to enter or exit the stock if unexpected news is disclosed. Nonetheless, most traders should avoid routine trading after standard business hours. Regular trading sessions provide improved liquidity and more efficient markets, allowing all prices to be more representative of fair value. It’s critical to recognise that various brokerages have varied trading hours policies.
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